Indigenous Australians have high rates of chronic diseases, the causes of which are complex and include social and environmental determinants. Early experiences in utero may also predispose to later-life disease development. The Gomeroi Gaaynggal Study was established to explore intrauterine origins of renal disease, diabetes and growth in order to inform the development of health programmes for Indigenous Australian women and children. Pregnant women were recruited from antenatal clinics in Tamworth, Newcastle and Walgett, New South Wales, Australia, by Indigenous research assistants. Since 2010 the study has recruited over 400 women and retained over 180 mothers postpartum. Recruitment was paused from 2019-2022 and will start again in Tamworth in 2023. The Gomeroi Gaaynggal Study is currently the largest Indigenous pregnancy-through-early-childhood cohort internationally. 


Study name  Gomeroi gaaynggal study
Study abbreviation  NA
Current principal investigator/s  Assoc/Prof Kirsty Pringle
Current project manager  Assoc/Prof Kirsty Pringle
Cohort representative (study contact)  Assoc/Prof Kirsty Pringle
Phone  +61 2 4042 0372
Primary Institution  University of Newcastle
Major funding sources

NHMRC (grant numbers: 569239, 1026733, 1063123); Prime Minister and Cabinet Department

The Hunter Medical Research Institute

Susan Alberti Medical Research Foundation

Leslie Family Foundation

Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists

Ikara-Flinders Ranges

Kidney Health Australia

Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs

The University of Newcastle

Study website 
Key reference

Ashman, A. M., Collins, C. E., Weatherall, L., Brown, L. J., Rollo, M. E., Clausen, D., … & Lumbers, E. R. (2016). A cohort of Indigenous Australian women and their children through pregnancy and beyond: the Gomeroi gaaynggal study. Journal of developmental origins of health and disease7(4), 357-368. doi: 10.1017/S204017441600009X

Study focus The Gomeroi gaaynggal (babies from Gomeroi lands) program works in partnership with Aboriginal women in New South Wales during their pregnancy and after delivery to improve health outcomes, and the understanding of issues that impact on their health and the future health of their children
Sampling frame Mother-child dyads who identified as Indigenous Australians or who deliver an Indigenous infant in Tamworth and Walgett, NSW Australia.
Year commenced  2010
Intergenerational?  Yes
Imaging Yes 
Linkage  No 
Biosamples? Yes 


Wave Year Age (mean, range) Eligible sample
1  2010 – 2019 Pregnancy/postpartum  425/181
2  2010 – 2019 Infancy & Childhood 177