Indigenous Australians have high rates of chronic diseases, the causes of which are complex and include social and environmental determinants. Early experiences in utero may also predispose to later-life disease development. The Gomeroi gaaynggal study was established to explore intrauterine origins of renal disease, diabetes and growth in order to inform the development of health programmes for Indigenous Australian women and children. Pregnant women are recruited from antenatal clinics in Tamworth, Newcastle and Walgett, New South Wales, Australia, by Indigenous research assistants. Since 2010 the study has recruited over 230 women, and retained 66 postpartum. Recruitment is ongoing, and Gomeroi gaaynggal is currently the largest Indigenous pregnancy-through-early-childhood cohort internationally. 


Study name  Gomeroi gaaynggal study
Study abbreviation  NA
Current principal investigator/s  Assoc/Prof Kym Rae
Current project manager  Assoc/Prof Kym Rae
Cohort representative (study contact)  Assoc/Prof Kym Rae
Phone  +61 2 6767 1240
Primary Institution  University of Newcastle
Major funding sources  NHMRC (grant numbers: 569239, 1026733, 1063123); Prime Minister and Cabinet Department
Study website
Key reference

Ashman, A. M., Collins, C. E., Weatherall, L., Brown, L. J., Rollo, M. E., Clausen, D., … & Lumbers, E. R. (2016). A cohort of Indigenous Australian women and their children through pregnancy and beyond: the Gomeroi gaaynggal study. Journal of developmental origins of health and disease7(4), 357-368.

Study focus  The Gomeroi gaaynggal (babies from Gomeroi lands) program works in partnership with Aboriginal women in New South Wales during their pregnancy and after delivery to improve health outcomes, and the understanding of issues that impact on their health and the future health of their children
Sampling frame  Mother-child dyads who identified as Indigenous Australians or who deliver an Indigenous infant in Tamworth and Walgett, NSW Australia.
Year commenced  2010
Intergenerational?  Yes
Imaging Yes 
Linkage  No 
Biosamples? Yes 


Wave Year Age (mean, range) Eligible sample
1  2010 – ongoing Pregnancy  320 (recruitment ongoing)
2  2010 – ongoing Infancy & Childhood  320 (recruitment ongoing)